The Papacy was vacant on July 16, 1990
+ A Heretic Cannot Become Pope
+ + Heresies of Vatican II
+ Karol Wojtyla Was a Heretic Prior to His Apparent Election
+ Other Claimants to the Papacy
+ + A consideration of the Siri HYpothesis
An Extraordinary Election Was Necessary
+ The Ordinary Electors Were Unavailable
+ The Church Can Always Elect a Pope
+ Who Is the Universal Church?
July 16, 1990 Papal Election
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Validity of the Ordination of Pope Michael
Vatican In Exile